|Free ☲ Zouping in Transition: The Process of Reform in Rural North China ♂ eBooks or Kindle ePUB free

|Free ♫ Zouping in Transition: The Process of Reform in Rural North China ♻ Zouping offers important general lessons for the study of China s rural transformation The authors in this volume, all participants in a unique field research project undertaken fromto , address questions that are far from simple and about which there is some controversyThe questions are grouped around two issues The first is the role of local governments as economic actors What is this role, how have they played it, and how can we explain their behavior Have they dominated rural economies through public ownership of industry and local planning, or has the role of local governments diminished with the rise of market transactions and private ownership The second issue is market reform and inequality Have rural cadres enjoyed income advantages in the new market environment Has the provision of such collective services as education and health care declined, leading to new forms of inequality The chapters on the role of local government all point to a single conclusion one cannot explain the rapid development of Zouping without reference to the role of local governments and of local government officials as economic actors Scholarly writings about the transitional economies have often ignored or distorted this aspect of China s reform experience On the second issue, changes in inequality owing to market reform, the authors present mixed findings but contribute rich new data to the research on this issue