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|Read Pdf ñ The Silver Dove õ The Silver Dove, published four years before Bely s masterpiece Petersburg, is considered the first modern Russian novel Breaking with Russian realism, and a pioneering Symbolist work, its vividly drawn characters, elemental landscapes, and rich style make it accessible to the Western reader, and this new translation makes the complete work available in English for the first timeDissatisfied with the life of the intelligentsia, the poet Daryalsky joins a rural mystic sect, the Silver Doves The locals, in particular the peasant woman Matryona, are fascinated by the dashing stranger Daryalsky is in turn taken in by the Doves intimacy with the mystical and spiritual and by Matryona Under the influence of Kudeyarov, the ruthless cult leader, Daryalsky is used in a bid to produce a sacred child But in time the poet disappoints the Doves and must face their suspicions and jealousies and his own inevitable dire fate It was a most peculiar but compelling book I must add that I read the most unusual translation by George Reavey, comical and hard to understand It looked to be translated word for word rather than in a readable language If only I could attach a photo of one of the pages. Religion and belief are two different things One may believe in God, one may believe in Devil, and so often faith is blind and fanatical there s the priest, Father Vukol Golokrestovsky, and his wife a fine priest, you won t find another like him anywhere in the neighbourhood, even if you drive forty versts, a hard working priest he is, strict, keen on prayers.But when he s had a couple of glasses, then straightaway he makes his wife sit down and strum the guitar they ve got a real guitar t Religion and belief are two different things One may believe in God, one may believe in Devil, and so often faith is blind and fanatical there s the priest, Father Vukol Golokrestovsky, and his wife a fine priest, you won t find another like him anywhere in the neighbourhood, even if you drive forty versts, a hard working priest he is, strict, keen on prayers.But when he s had a couple of glasses, then straightaway he makes his wife sit down and strum the guitar they ve got a real guitar the priest s wife brought the guitar with her when they moved to the village about eight years ago it does have a broken string, it s true, but what s the point of being a priest s wife if you can t pluck away on a three stringed guitar without being embarrassed after all, she did have three years at secondary school in Likhov so the priest makes his wire sit down and play the guitar Masha, play the Persian march His face is all aglow and comes out in yellow freckles, and his eyes keep glinting in the direction of the front garden Play, Masha, cast aside all worldly care But his wife bursts into tears, You ought to go to bed, Father Vukol This is the Orthodox Church God is ancient and senile and He doesn t save any And folks need a real faith, a real divine power and it was needful that Matryona should give birth he knew well what causes would arise from this and what matters would follow from those causes the birth of the Spirit would follow, the descent of the Dove to earth and the liberation of the peasant folk Reality is never enough We want mystery We wish to reach beyond But the unknown may be dangerous and even pernicious Era questo per lui il cammino della Russia, dove era iniziata la grande trasfigurazione del mondo o la morte di essoIl colombo d argento un libro profetico che si pone perfettamente a met tra lo spirito del secolo d oro e quello d argento della letteratura russa riflettendo le tensioni tra l anima ottocentesca da un lato, ancorata alla campagna, alle izbe, ai muzik ed ai riti immutabili di una religione antica e lo spirito dei tempi nuovi dall altro, caratterizzato dallo scoppio deflagraEra questo per lui il cammino della Russia, dove era iniziata la grande trasfigurazione del mondo o la morte di essoIl colombo d argento un libro profetico che si pone perfettamente a met tra lo spirito del secolo d oro e quello d argento della letteratura russa riflettendo le tensioni tra l anima ottocentesca da un lato, ancorata alla campagna, alle izbe, ai muzik ed ai riti immutabili di una religione antica e lo spirito dei tempi nuovi dall altro, caratterizzato dallo scoppio deflagrante dei contrasti sociali e dal fiorire di eresie che intrecciano aspetti filosofici a forme di culto diverse dalle precedenti Semplificando, si potrebbe dire che procedendo lungo un ipotetico percorso cronologico questo libro segue i Demoni di Dostoevskij, vicino al Sanin di Arcyba ev e precede l Anno nudo di Pil njak, raccontando di un mondo nel quale le vecchie certezze stanno crollando e le nuove sono ancora avvolte nel dubbio Lo stile dell opera pu apparire un po datato, appesantito da descrizioni fin troppo minuziose e ricche di aggettivi, con metafore e simboli che ricorrono sovente e uno sperimentalismo che pu sembrare un po di maniera, troppo visibile, a scapito della scorrevolezza di una trama che per si sviluppa in maniera superba, rappresentando alla perfezione il caos delle forze centrifughe che spingono l animo umano verso direzioni nuove e contrastanti alla disperata ricerca di qualcosa a cui attaccarsi, di qualcosa in cui credere In questo senso la Russia, con le sue vicende travagliate e dolorose, ha rappresentato una specie di laboratorio per studiare l uomo ed i suoi grandi scrittori non si sono lasciati scappare l occasione per esercitarsi in questa ricerca Tensioni e spinte centrifughe, si diceva Bene, tutto questo lo ritroviamo alla massima potenza nella figura di con Dar jal skji, il protagonista del romanzo, un personaggio nel quale le contraddizioni la fanno da padrone ateo dichiarato, con i piedi ben piantati sulla terra, eppure alla ricerca dell enigma della propria alba , sinceramente innamorato della bella e giovane Katja eppure inspiegabilmente affascinato da Matr na, una contadina dal viso sfregiato dalle pustole del vaiolo che lo attira all interno della setta del Colombo, la cui dottrina era tanto nebulosa e astrusa che era impossibile coglierla nel suo insieme, e quel poco che si poteva comprendere sembrava irrazionale e spaventoso La confusione che regna nell animo di Dar jal skji non un unicum, ma semplicemente lo specchio fdele delle contraddizioni che regnavano all epoca nella societ , al punto che anche la libert alla quale anela la gente diventa libret , come a dire che anche gli stessi ideali erano tutt altro che chiari per non dire poi di come venissero perseguiti attraverso percorsi tutt altro che univoci.Si viaggia su un sentiero stretto e su un terreno che rischia di franare ad ogni passo Tutto incerto, discutibile, la stessa Katja, una ragazzina o poco pi , ha una personalit difficile da decifrare era dotata di un intuito sottile per tutto quello che riguardava la natura e che amava e comprendeva l arte ma se aveste cercato di articolare un vostro pensiero, o fare sfoggio di cultura o d intelligenza, tutto sarebbe scivolato oltre senza sfiorarla, avrebbe fatto spallucce e avrebbe riso di voi Era intelligente Katja si chiede l autore Davvero, non saprei Quella del primo decennio del Novecento una Russia che oscilla pericolosamente sull orlo dell abisso, con il presente che un filo sottile sospeso tra passato e futuro, tra ortodossia ed eresia, tra cautela e slancio eroico, tra Occidente ed Oriente troppe tensioni, troppe spinte in direzioni opposte per pensare di poter evitare un conflitto sanguinoso tra le diverse anime La Russia cela un mistero inespresso dice ad un certo punto lo zia di Katja a Dar jal skji, fotografando alla perfezione la situazione del momento La Russia un paese infelice, voi parlate di cose inespresse dunque nel vostro animo c qualcosa he non potete esprimere voi, giovanotto, non siete solo strambo e anche balbuziente, voi siete un infelice, giovanotto, incapace di parlare, come sono tutti i giovani di oggi si esprimono in una lingua gravida di silenzi perch non riescono a spiegarsi in modo articolato Parlare di cose inespresse un sintomo pericoloso questo dimostra che l umanit regredita a una condizione bestiale purtroppo oggi tutti sono simili alle bestie, non solo i russi There is something at the horizon, closing in on the vast Russian fields Russia is changing Revolution is around the corner, whispers are heard of class, socialists, riots Bely drops the reader into the slowly intensifying turmoil that in many ways defined Russia in the early 1900s Here, people are offering resistance any way they can demanding a fair wage or joining the flagellation cults are both ways of defying the old and safe structures Everything in The Silver Dove is happening at th There is something at the horizon, closing in on the vast Russian fields Russia is changing Revolution is around the corner, whispers are heard of class, socialists, riots Bely drops the reader into the slowly intensifying turmoil that in many ways defined Russia in the early 1900s Here, people are offering resistance any way they can demanding a fair wage or joining the flagellation cults are both ways of defying the old and safe structures Everything in The Silver Dove is happening at the edge of an abyss, one that lies in the near future of both our main character Daryalsky and of Russia herself Daryalsky is an educated Muscovite, a poet, who like many others at this time leaves the metropolis for the rural parts of the country Here, he has a fianc e, a girl from a noble family that could easily pass in any romantic literature from the century before young, kind and innocent to a fault, blue eyed and rosy cheeked And yet, there is something about this time, about this point of history, that makes her and her family and their manors and gardens impossible Instead, Daryalsky becomes entranced by a simple, pockmarked peasant woman, as well as the secretive cult she belongs to, the one that has named her as their own Virgin Mary The prose is difficult to pin down At first it s heavy, gaudy almost Distinctly purple with odd repetitions, it made me worry that The Silver Dove would be a chore to get through But what at first seemed amateurish and outdated soon gained some sort of rhythm, and for some chapters, the text seemed to be living and moving I say for some, because being Bely s first novel, this book can be pretty uneven at times There are chapters that seemlike awkward attempts at atraditionally romantic style, and the results are plodding and dull But, overall, The Silver Dove is intriguing rather than heavy thanks to a playfulness and willingness to experiment that shines through, and I m happy it does, because the better parts of the book are extremely intriguing, and a testament to Bely s skill at building an atmosphere The heat is suffocating, flies are abundant, and nature here is very much alive, almost to the point of consciousness This is where the ornateness of his prose and all of that curious repetition falls into place, and something remarkable happens all senses leave their assigned places and are taken in as if at once, everything becomes saturated with perception, the text turns as heavy as water, pooling into a complete cacophony of impressions There is something surrealist about Bely s use of nature it is a constant witness and spectator, the Russian forests and plains are ever present in the world of The Silver Dove Everything whimpers and snakes and whispers This way of putting feelings and senses over realism earned Bely a ban on his books in Soviet Russia, even though he himself was sympathetic to the communist cause Maybe some of the authorities discomfort also stemmed from the fact that The Silver Dove isn t a glorifying manifesto Sure, the struggles of its time are all here the struggle between city and countryside, intellect and hard work, civilization and the plains the tug of war between East and West causes the entire weave of the book to shiver and quake but there seemingly are no clear winners A dangerous concept to a power who preferred literature to be useful and serve their purpose They might ve also disagreed with the book s heavy dose of occultism the parts featuring it might be its best Bely is remarkably good at depicting the intense feel of ongoing, ecstatic rapture If not for several uneven and pretty bland chapters, I would ve given The Silver Dove a much higher score As it is unfortunately, Bely often disappears into side tracks long enough to interrupt the almost trance like atmosphere that he s built But the amazing, breathless stretches that we do get are enough to make this a good book, and one worth reading