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`Read Pdf » The Pacific War Companion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima õ Published to commemorate the th anniversary of V J Day, The Pacific War Companion brings together the perspectives and insights of world renowned military historians From the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor through the release of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the conflict in the Pacific was characterised by amazing tactical innovations in amphibious warfare and horrific battles that raged in the unforgiving climate of the island jungles Each chapter in this book focuses on a different aspect of this conflict, from the planning of operations to the experiences of the men who were there Very interesting book about world war two.The author did a great job in gathering so much data and presenting in such a clear fashion This book is about history and it reads very clear about personalities, and the suffering behind the headlines I highly recommend this book. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here I found The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima to be a fascinating look into the shifting currents of military history From my perspective, as one who was born a few months before Pearl Harbor, World War II was a vivid part of my childhood memories I remember long trains of flatcars making their way to Philadelphia laden with cargo such as tanks, giant ship propellers and the like, destined for the European Theater Gasoline and tire rationing was an everyday reality, as w I found The Pacific War Companion From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima to be a fascinating look into the shifting currents of military history From my perspective, as one who was born a few months before Pearl Harbor, World War II was a vivid part of my childhood memories I remember long trains of flatcars making their way to Philadelphia laden with cargo such as tanks, giant ship propellers and the like, destined for the European Theater Gasoline and tire rationing was an everyday reality, as was the expedient of retreading tires to extractmiles for less rubber Men on leave in smartly dressed in uniforms were to be seen everywhere and commanded an almost reflexive respect.Moreover, the very distant war in the Pacific was brought very close to my heart because of my ancestry and its consequences I am the four greats grandchild and namesake of Major Samuel Nicholas, who was the first and highest ranking Continental Marine, commissioned by the Continental Congress on 28 Nov 1775 with a document signed by John Handcock, whose signature was the elegant prototype of my own childish imitation My aunt, Florence Elizabeth Tryon, sponsored the U.S.S Nicholas DD 449 , which was the first Fletcher class destroyer built along with her sister ship, O Bannon at the Bath Iron Works in Bath, Main, both launched in the spring of 1942.The career of the Nicholas was a long and distinguished one after her sister ship, the O Bannon, she received the most battle stars of any ship in the U.S Navy during WWII, and when she was retired afterthan 27 years of service, even participating in the recovery of Apollo astronauts, she had earned the most battle stars of any ship in the history of the Navy and was its longest serving destroyer Because of their exemplary service during the battle of Guadalcanal and other actions, Admiral Halsey ordered that the Nicholas and O Bannon be present at the signing of the peace treaty in Tokyo Bay in Aug Sep 1945 The Nicholas was given the honor of transporting the Japanese peace delegation to the U.S.S Missouri, for the ceremony marking the solemn conclusion of World War II.The Pacific War Companion was a very informative read for me, who had learned of the details of WWII originally through a careful reading of nearly all the captions of pictures in Henry Luce s LIFE magazine whilst designing and building an elaborate naval war game during my school years To say that these were less than entirely accurate is an understatement, as many of the most critical elements of the war, both in the Pacific and in Europe, were tightly held secrets The most famous of these were the breaking of the Enigma codes of some of the German services by the British and the U.S breaking of Japanese codes, both diplomatic and military In addition, combatants on all sides routinely over estimated their own successes while minimizing their losses for the benefit of their respective home fronts.However, after the dual edged attack on Pear Harbor, the plight of the U.S was clearly compromised by the attack itself and by other actions by Japan that extended its influence far to the south, a drive made necessary by an endemic shortage of resources that was Japan s main weakness from the start The first six months of the Pacific War was dominated by Japan Pearl Harbor was double edged for the Japanese, because, although some aging battleships were sunk although most were refloated and repaired , by luck or act of God, the U.S aircraft carriers that were to prove so critical in subsequent actions were at sea Also, because of a diplomatic foul up, the declaration of war that was supposed to have been presented to the U.S before the attack was delivered instead, several hours after This turned an act of war into an act of infamy , which inflamed and united the American people, who had previously been largely isolationist And, luckily for Churchill and our Western allies, the Axis powers declared war on the U.S a couple of days later, which virtually sealed their doom from that point on.One of the main revelations of the Pacific War Companion was the very ambivalent and divisive role of General Douglas MacArthur In large part, MacArthur, who by all accounts was not only handsome, brilliant and charismatic, was also deeply involved with some Republican members of congress who were enraged with the liberal and seemingly anti business policies of Franklin D Roosevelt Roosevelt described MacArthur as the most dangerous man in the U.S During the 1944 election, MacArthur, through intermediaries, apparently fed large amounts of money to key Republicans in congress in a bid to be nominated to run for vice president, which was in violation of laws preventing those in active service from running for political office.Perhapsdisturbingly, MacArthur s sentimental attachment to the Philippines and his conviction that Japan should be attacked from the south and from secured bases in China were both at odds with the plans of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to pursue a variation of the long standing Orange plan, developed during the 1930s during contingency planning, which called for an island hopping campaignor less straight across the Pacific a plan which was actually followed MacArthur s seniority, personality and ambition were perhaps the most serious challenge to various contending plans for achieving victory over the Japanese But, he was certainly not the only enemy to the unanimity of purpose that raised it s head on both sides, as both inter service rivalries on the U.S and sharp differences of opinion on the Japanese side between those in high command caused a certain unpredictability as to which of from two to many alternatives was to be followed.Revisionist theories about Roosevelt knowing about the impending attack on Peal Harbor and doing nothing to prevent it are laid to rest Also, the fanatical resistance of the Japanese based on part of their believe that since their Emperor was a god that they could not possibly lose and other factors are brought forward to justify the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki as a least worst alternative that saved lives on both sides over a conventional, amphibious landing that would have dwarfed the action at Normandy followed by a long war of attrition leading to an inevitable Japanese defeat.After the Battle of Guadalcanal, my mother and aunt together presented the original commission of Major Samuel Nicholas, which had been in my family for generations, to General Vandergrift, USMC, to honor the many Marines who carried the fighting to the Japanese in countless amphibious assaults The most famous of these was Iwo Jima, the only battle in whichMarines than Japanese were lost, and whose victorious conclusion is memorialized by the statue of Marines in Arlington National Cemetery, raising the Stars and Stripes over Mt Suribatchi to signal the U.S victory Would have benefited frommaps. There must be better histories of World War II in the Pacific even better anthologies of essays on the Pacific War than this uneven collection Some of the chapters are good, including chapter 3, on the Japanese invasions of Pacific islands chapter 10, on the logistical challenges facing Japan and chapter 12, on the tactics of battles on rocky, volcanic islands But others are terrible chapter 5 is relentlessly contemptuous of Japanese military leadership and chapter 8, on the contributi There must be better histories of World War II in the Pacific even better anthologies of essays on the Pacific War than this uneven collection Some of the chapters are good, including chapter 3, on the Japanese invasions of Pacific islands chapter 10, on the logistical challenges facing Japan and chapter 12, on the tactics of battles on rocky, volcanic islands But others are terrible chapter 5 is relentlessly contemptuous of Japanese military leadership and chapter 8, on the contributions of Australia and New Zealand, is painfully parochial in tone