*Read Pdf Î The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia: The Drums of Life ⚞ eBook or Kindle ePUB free

*Read Pdf ß The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia: The Drums of Life ⚢ The contemporary Monacan Nation had approximately , registered members in , mostly living in and around Lynchburg, Virginia, in Amherst County, but some are scattered like any other large family Records trace the Monacans of Virginia back to the late s, with an estimated population of over , in the s Like members of some other native tribes, the Monacans have a long history of struggles for equality in jobs, health care, and education and have suffered cultural, political, and social abuse at the hands of authority figures appointed to serve them The critical difference for the Monacans was the actions of segregationist Dr Walter A Plecker, Director of the Bureau of Vital Statistics fromuntil he retired at ageinA strong proponent and enforcer of Virginia s Racial Integrity Law ofstruck down in, which prohibited marriage between races, Plecker s interpretation of that law convinced him that there were only two races white and colored and anyone not bearing physically white genetic characteristics was colored and that included Indians He would not let Indians get married in Virginia unless they applied as white or colored, he forced the local teachers to falsify the students race on the official school rolls, and he threatened court clerks and census takers with prosecution if they used the term Indian on any official form He personally changed government records when his directives were not followed and even coerced postpartum Indian mothers to list their newborns as white or colored or they could not take their infants home from the hospital Eventually the federal government intervened, directing the Virginia state officials to begin the tedious process of correcting official records Yet the legacy of Plecker s attempted cultural genocide remains Through interviews withMonacans, one Episcopal minister appointed to serve them, one former clerk of the court for Amherst County, and her own story, Whitlock provides first person accounts of what happened to the Monacan families and how their very existence as Indians was threatened