~FREE PDF ☨ Reflections on a Ravaged Century ☪ PDF or E-pub free

~FREE PDF ☢ Reflections on a Ravaged Century ☨ Robert Conquest has been called by Paul Johnson our greatest living modern historian As a new century begins, Conquest offers an illuminating examination of our past failures and a guide to where we should go next Graced with one of the most acute gifts for political prescience since Orwell, Conquest assigns responsibility for our century s cataclysms not to impersonal economic or social forces but to the distorted ideologies of revolutionary Marxism and National Socialism The final, sobering chapters of Reflections on a Ravaged Century concern themselves with some coming storms, notably that of the European Union, which Conquest believes is an economic, cultural, and geographical misconception divisive of the West and doomed to failure Winner of the Ingersoll Prize winner of the Richard M Weaver Prize a New York Times Notable Book Provides many glowing embers of reasoned and wise argument Richard Bernstein, The New York Times A book that ought to be required reading for everyone about to enter college, and by every member of Congress Frank Wilson, Philadelphia Inquirer Robert Conquest is an expert in one field Soviet communism The problem is he thinks he is an expert in a lot of things Among other things, he advocates for the equivalent of Brexit, defends imperialism, denies climate change, and maybe least but not last, tells youth to get off his lawn.His technique is usually the same start off with a set in stone opinion, and cherrypick quotes that agree with it He s quite well read so no dearth of that Dissenting voices do not get a mention except Robert Conquest is an expert in one field Soviet communism The problem is he thinks he is an expert in a lot of things Among other things, he advocates for the equivalent of Brexit, defends imperialism, denies climate change, and maybe least but not last, tells youth to get off his lawn.His technique is usually the same start off with a set in stone opinion, and cherrypick quotes that agree with it He s quite well read so no dearth of that Dissenting voices do not get a mention except for obviously silly ones that he likes to ridicule Even facts are left deliberately unscrutinized For example while defending British imperialism he claims the Indian government changed the definition of famine, implying famines happened after independence but were not called such The reality is that there were enough safeguards so that keeping the old definition of famine didnt make sense droughts did happen and were dealt with poorly, but with nowhere near the millions of deaths caused by utterly callous British policies that led to famine And yes, nowhere does he mention the utter theft, if you will, of the Indian economy by the Raj oh yeah his grandfather helping write a Marathi book must excuse that.I recalled while reading this book the Gell Mann amnesia effect you read a shit chapter on something you know about British Raj in India , but then read another chapter on something you dont know much about say, EU and believe it totally I wanted to avoid that In short I do not trust Conquest on any topic outside of his field of expertise.Regarding Soviet communism though, he is mostly right And the book is informative there But it s worth pointing out again that not everything the USSR did was shoddy as Conquest would have you believe Soviet science and math is highly respected, they were at or near the top of building heavy machinery, even their books were beautiful However, cars did break down and there were bread lines and they missed the computer revolution, and state control of everything is utterly horrible and soul not to mention economy killing If Conquest had just talked of communism, I d have given this book a higher rating But some of the other stuff pissed me off too much Though the book came out in 2000, it remainsrelevant today as we go through a shift in political temperament and direction. More of a commentary on the effects of the major events WWII and the Cold War and the ideologies behind them than a survey of them not the book to read unless you are somewhat familiar with the basic facts of these events already Part One wasinteresting, and I appreciated thehumane, narrative reflective approach as opposed to a facts and figures approach that Conquest uses to describe Cold War events and ideas Part Two dragged at times but some of Conquest s thoughts on cultu More of a commentary on the effects of the major events WWII and the Cold War and the ideologies behind them than a survey of them not the book to read unless you are somewhat familiar with the basic facts of these events already Part One wasinteresting, and I appreciated thehumane, narrative reflective approach as opposed to a facts and figures approach that Conquest uses to describe Cold War events and ideas Part Two dragged at times but some of Conquest s thoughts on culture were interesting and ring pretty true today, especially comments on the UK s involvement in the EU and people s commitment to ideological causes withpassion than action The historian and poet who first documented Stalin s Great Purge offers his thoughts on the ideological frenzies of the twentieth century, their nature and causes and their many destructive effects The second half, which is meant to give an idea of where we are headed in the twenty first century is, understandably, less specific and thus less satisfying, but still intriguing, especially for Conquest s thoughts on the rise, or resurgence, of corporatism and the future of the nations that make up The historian and poet who first documented Stalin s Great Purge offers his thoughts on the ideological frenzies of the twentieth century, their nature and causes and their many destructive effects The second half, which is meant to give an idea of where we are headed in the twenty first century is, understandably, less specific and thus less satisfying, but still intriguing, especially for Conquest s thoughts on the rise, or resurgence, of corporatism and the future of the nations that make up the English speaking world This book was handed to me after asking a colleague why scholars and academicians still have faith in ideologies like Marxism communism, in light of their failures in the 20th century Conquest, known for his detailing of the Stalin era Soviet Union, addresses this attraction He points out how facts have been largely ignored by scholars, in favor of theory and the possibilities of the Idea working The first part of the book focuses on the history of revolutionaries, and specifically, how t This book was handed to me after asking a colleague why scholars and academicians still have faith in ideologies like Marxism communism, in light of their failures in the 20th century Conquest, known for his detailing of the Stalin era Soviet Union, addresses this attraction He points out how facts have been largely ignored by scholars, in favor of theory and the possibilities of the Idea working The first part of the book focuses on the history of revolutionaries, and specifically, how the Soviet Union used this rhetoric to convince their citizens and academics alike, that they had found the path to utopia The latter part of the book focuses on where Conquest thinks the post Cold War era will take Europe and the United States This section was not as interesting as the first part But overall, the book helped me understand why so many scholars still hold on to this dead language that is communism Insightful overview of the ideologies and utopian dreams that lead mankind into bloodshed during the 20th century, as well as a prescient anticipation of the issues to come Blunts its force at the end with speculation of an Anglosphere that ispipe dream than sober proposal. This book, it seems, is split into two halves that intertwine throughout the material One half is the information that the author acquired through countless hours of research throughout his life The other half, however, is the point the author is trying to prove.If this was a school essay not omitting that the book is probably the result of countless, highly proficient essays , it would be an Argumentative Essay claiming that the reason for all of the dictatorships of the 20th century were cr This book, it seems, is split into two halves that intertwine throughout the material One half is the information that the author acquired through countless hours of research throughout his life The other half, however, is the point the author is trying to prove.If this was a school essay not omitting that the book is probably the result of countless, highly proficient essays , it would be an Argumentative Essay claiming that the reason for all of the dictatorships of the 20th century were created by hypocritical Communist ideas Towards the end of the text, there were desires for international unity between the U.S.A., Great Britain, the European Union, and other Western nations Seeing as how this book was published a year before 9 11, there really was national unity after all be careful what you wish for, you just might get itEven though the book also omits the problems with capitalism, there are just as immeasurable problems with it, such as South Korea, which has merely been referenced as a country with less infant deaths and higher living quality than North Korea More errors of the book can be found by observing the K Pop industry, and China s censorship of U.S movies.However, no one knew about that in 2000, anyway. Sidney and Beatrice Webb were leaders of the British Fabian Society and founders of the London School of Economics The Fabian Society believed in combining socialism and democracy, taking a position between Communism and free market capitalism The Fabians believed that academics and intellectuals were wiser than businessmen, and so should have a substantial role in guiding the economy The Fabians also played a major role in the British Labour Party During the 1930s, the Webbs wrote a positiv Sidney and Beatrice Webb were leaders of the British Fabian Society and founders of the London School of Economics The Fabian Society believed in combining socialism and democracy, taking a position between Communism and free market capitalism The Fabians believed that academics and intellectuals were wiser than businessmen, and so should have a substantial role in guiding the economy The Fabians also played a major role in the British Labour Party During the 1930s, the Webbs wrote a positive account of the Soviet Union called Soviet Communism A New Civilisation The Webbs dismissed reports of a famine in the Ukraine, as did fellow Fabians George Bernard Shaw and Herbert George Wells Wells interviewed Stalin in 1934 and praised him for his honesty A French politician, douard Herriot, visited the Ukraine in 1933 to see for himself, but Stalin knew ahead of time that he was coming, and hid all signs of famine before Herriot arrived Reporting that there was a famine in the Ukraine was a crime, punishable by being sent to a forced labor camp for five years There were some reporters who told the truth about the Ukrainian famine, most notably Malcolm Muggeridge Even after the crimes of Stalin became known, some Westerners have treated the Soviet Union with too much respect In 1975 President Gerald Ford refused to meet with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, when he came to the United States after the publication of his expos of the Soviet forced labor camps, The Gulag Archipelago Ford did not want to offend the Soviets Conquest quotes John Kenneth Galbraith in 1984 praising its lack of unemployment Conquest says that ignorance of history has been a major cause of the disasters of the twentieth century He also mentions that Thomas Jefferson thought that history was the most important subject that students should be taught in primary school Conquest knows his stuff, and some of this book is downright prophetic e.g warnings of Brexit and other developments from 2016 But the book wanders rhetorically, and starts to become a polemic against Stalinism, and then pivots into random musings for an international alliance of former British colonies Overall, underwhelming.