^Book ☠ Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are ↬ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

Very interesting book. Great primer on the Big 5 personality traits that directly arise from structures in our brain With clear example and case studies, Nettle does an excellent job explaining personality from a point of view of evolutionary biology evolutionary psychology. I enjoyed reading this but thought it was an overly simplistic book, especially since the author seems to think that our personalities are a result merely of natural selection.I did find the five dimensions of personality to be interesting Extraversion outgoing vs quiet , Neuroticism prone to worry stress vs being emotionally stable , Conscientiousness organized self directed vs spontaneous careless , Agreeableness trusting empathetic vs uncooperative hostile , Openness cr I enjoyed reading this but thought it was an overly simplistic book, especially since the author seems to think that our personalities are a result merely of natural selection.I did find the five dimensions of personality to be interesting Extraversion outgoing vs quiet , Neuroticism prone to worry stress vs being emotionally stable , Conscientiousness organized self directed vs spontaneous careless , Agreeableness trusting empathetic vs uncooperative hostile , Openness creative eccentric vs practical conventional Granted I am not a professional psychologist, psychiatrist, or neurologist, but the Myers Briggs model makessense to me than Nettle s paradigm However, I did find this author s exploration of the brain s links to our personality traits to be compelling He believes that much of our personality is determined by our personal brain structure and levels of various neurotransmitters.Overall, this was not a perfect read since I didn t buy into his premise that we are merely a result of scientific evolution I think that human beings are muchcomplex, but the author presented food for thought which is, I think, what reading is all about I don t quite see why this is part of the Oxford Landmark Science range To me, it s a relatively low level analysis of the factors that go into personality, much of which I ve read elsewhere in other popular science books which aren t so tightly focused It s not that it s a bad book, or uninteresting there are some things I didn t know, and it s interesting to see how Nettle explores the two sides to each of the main personality factors identified the downside to being extroverted, for exam I don t quite see why this is part of the Oxford Landmark Science range To me, it s a relatively low level analysis of the factors that go into personality, much of which I ve read elsewhere in other popular science books which aren t so tightly focused It s not that it s a bad book, or uninteresting there are some things I didn t know, and it s interesting to see how Nettle explores the two sides to each of the main personality factors identified the downside to being extroverted, for example, and the downside to openness to experience.Still, none of it is revelatory, and he doesn t spare much time for the criticisms of the whole idea of studying people s personalities as if they re a real thing you can test and measure His conclusion is basically that of course you can, because you can obtain consistent data that falls into particular trends I don t think I disagree, but I m sure there arecriticisms.It s an easy enough read, surprisingly light even for pop sci.Reviewed for The Bibliophibian This book provides a detailed explanation of the Big Five personality model Although the explanation of the model itself was interesting, the most valuable parts of the book were the first and last chapters The first chapter establishes how personality models like the Big Five are generated Unlike models with less construct validity, these models do not start with a schema and then put people into it Instead, these models start by asking behavioral questions and then looking for clusters of This book provides a detailed explanation of the Big Five personality model Although the explanation of the model itself was interesting, the most valuable parts of the book were the first and last chapters The first chapter establishes how personality models like the Big Five are generated Unlike models with less construct validity, these models do not start with a schema and then put people into it Instead, these models start by asking behavioral questions and then looking for clusters of correlated behaviors These clusters become the characteristics of the personality model Although these models are determined statistically, it is hypothesized though not yet verified that the reason such clusters of related behaviors exist is because they correspond to underlying tendencies in the brain E.g., the cluster of behaviors that are labeled Extroversion in the Big Five model all seem to be related by an individual s reactivity to rewards Another interesting thing to note about this method of building a personality model is that every personality factor is a continuum Models which try to push people into discrete buckets generally fail to have statistical validity The second chapter is a look into the question of why personality variation exists Nettle makes the argument that variation exists because for every personality trait, there are some situations where being high on a trait is advantageous and some situations where being low on that trait is advantageous Even neuroticism sometimes called low emotional stability , which seems unrelentingly negative in the modern world, can be beneficial for individuals who live in a dangerous situation Environments tend to changequickly than evolution can normalize to a smaller range of variation.The first of the ending chapters discusses the factors that determine personality Heritability is a large factor, but explains, in general, only about half of the variation in personality General environmental factors fail to explain the rest, but specific environmental cues can influence personality E.g., certain types of chronic threat may increase neuroticism Cues during gestation can affect fetal development The final factor, and perhaps the most interesting one, is that one s own characteristics can influence how one responds to environmental cues in a way that can, over time, influence personality E.g., someone who is conventionally attractive may getpositive enforcement when they act in extroverted ways and so their extroversion may end up larger than someone who had a similar inherited background but less positive reinforcement By the way, another interesting thing noted in this book is that personality factors can and do change somewhat over time They re stable but not fixed The last chapter was a look at how to live with our personalities The first point Nettle makes is that no personality configuration is good or bad Each is what it is That said, personalities do influence our characteristic behaviors and how we structure our life narratives Someone with low conscientiousness is less likely to inhibit harmful behaviors such as a drug or alcohol addition Someone with high neuroticism is likely to construct their life narrativenegatively than someone lower on that scale who experienced the same events But personality is not destiny Personality characteristics are interesting because they predict behaviors at a level that is well above chance, but there is still plenty of variation As Nettle points out in a thought experiment, if someone were like you on all of the personality traits, you re likely to understand the choices they make, but there are still lots of different choices you can make E.g., the alcoholic who knows they can t stop at just one drink could choose to drink or could choose to avoid alcohol completely The person whose agreeableness is high enough that they often neglect themselves could choose to run themselves ragged helping others or find some way such as pre scheduled time to take care of themselves All in all, I found this book to present an interesting and balanced view of what personality is and how it influences our lives I ve now read three books about the Five Factor a.k.a Big Five Personality Model This one is by far the least dry and most readable.I also like the way the author makes sure to consider personality traits from the perspective of natural selection. Things I have learned foxen are just friends you haven t met yet NOT potential meals thanks to a long family history of close contact with mental facilities psychiatric services, my quasi hallucinations and perceptual disturbances are just signs of high openness and not genetic schizophrenia long lives the Queen of England extraverts and optimists die sooner than those flakey, self serving, anti social cynics I am basically the reincarnation of Allen Ginsberg But he died AFTER you wer Things I have learned foxen are just friends you haven t met yet NOT potential meals thanks to a long family history of close contact with mental facilities psychiatric services, my quasi hallucinations and perceptual disturbances are just signs of high openness and not genetic schizophrenia long lives the Queen of England extraverts and optimists die sooner than those flakey, self serving, anti social cynics I am basically the reincarnation of Allen Ginsberg But he died AFTER you were born Cool, you know my birthdate, not my story just because I m paranoid doesn t mean they re not out to get me if you are highly empathetic you may also be a chimpanze Or was it Charles Darwin just because I have the same characteristics as Hannibal Lector does not mean I am Hannibal Lector.My Big Five Scores to explain above Extraversion 3 low score Neuroticism 6 low medium score Conscientiousness 10 highest score Agreeableness 7 low score Openness 15 highest score I read personality books to understand the people around me, and also myself This book is a wonderful primer to the world of personality SCIENCE He spends a great deal of time on natural selection and how genetics affect our personality So if you re into all that good stuff, this would be an excellent book for you I suspect the only people who gave this book a bad review are either Tea Partiers, Bible thumpers, and or both Brilliant I read another review that said it is hard to finish For me it was a page turner It all depends on the depth of your interest in the subject itself The evolutionary references to different animals were spot on and the author danced between biology and psychology throughout I learned quite a bit and felt that the material was organized thoroughly and sensibly Brilliant book. A great, easy to read book that delves deeper into the Big Five personality traits Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism OCEAN Daniel Nettle uses a blend of anecdotes and science ranging from the evolutionary perspective to genetics to environmental factors to explain each area of personality He creates a solid argument concerning why he views the Big Five as a fluctuating selection type model every place on the continuum of each trait has its pros a A great, easy to read book that delves deeper into the Big Five personality traits Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism OCEAN Daniel Nettle uses a blend of anecdotes and science ranging from the evolutionary perspective to genetics to environmental factors to explain each area of personality He creates a solid argument concerning why he views the Big Five as a fluctuating selection type model every place on the continuum of each trait has its pros and cons as opposed to a fitness indicator one having a lot or a little of each trait is black and white good or bad.One of the best parts of this book was Nettle s admittance of his uncertainty in some areas his lack of pretension made his less substantiated claims easier to swallow As someone withbackground in Myers Briggs typology I learned a lot about each trait as well as intriguing information associated with each one for example, as someone invested in eating disorders, I connected to how people high in conscientiousness had a higher rate of developing anorexia While his argument about the dark side of agreeableness left a little to be desired, for the most part I agreed with his alignment with the fluctuating selection type model.He ends the book on a high note with a strong recommendation that we search within ourselves to improve our personalities Highly recommended for those who want to knowabout the Big Five or just personality in general ^Book ☊ Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are ☆ It is one of the great mysteries of human nature Why are some people worriers, and others wanderers Why are some people so easy going and laid back, while others are always looking for a fight Written by Daniel Nettle author of the popular book Happiness this brief volume takes the reader on an exhilarating tour of what modern science can tell us about human personality Revealing that our personalities stem from our biological makeup, Nettle looks at the latest findings from genetics and brain science, and considers the evolutionary origins and consequences of different personalities The heart of the book sheds light on the big five Extraversion, Neuroticism, Conscientious, Agreeableness, and Openness Using a stimulating blend of true life stories and scientific research, Nettle explains why we have something deep and consistent within us that determines the choices we make and situations we bring about He addresses such questions as why members of the same family differ so markedly in their natures What is the best personality to have a bold one or a shy one, an aggressive one or a meek one And are you stuck with your personality, or can you change it Life, Nettle concludes, is partly the business of finding a niche where your personality works for you It is a question of choosing the right pond, he notes, and being mindful of the dangers There is no ideal personality to have Every disposition brings both advantages and disadvantagesFull of human wisdom as well as scientific insight, this book illuminates the pluses and minuses of personality, offering practical advice about living with the nature you were born with It even includes a questionnaire so that you can assess yourself