[[ FREE DOWNLOAD ]] ⇟ Not Free, Not for All: Public Libraries in the Age of Jim Crow ↛ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

If libraries can be associated with intellectual freedom, free public space, and protected access to information, we have Black librarians, patrons, and community organizers to thank for holding these institutions largely founded by middle class white women accountable to their supposed values This thoroughly researched book pays homage to those historic figures, and uncovers a startling legacy of anti Black oppression within the very foundation of public libraries across the country Though If libraries can be associated with intellectual freedom, free public space, and protected access to information, we have Black librarians, patrons, and community organizers to thank for holding these institutions largely founded by middle class white women accountable to their supposed values This thoroughly researched book pays homage to those historic figures, and uncovers a startling legacy of anti Black oppression within the very foundation of public libraries across the country Though Knott focuses on the south, her indictment of libraries across the United States including the American Library Association is clear My focus on the south is not intended to imply that blacks in the north enjoyed unfettered access to integrated public libraries As Clack has shown, racially restricted library access existed in the north, but much of it was perpetrated under cover Abigail Van Slyck discusses how library exteriors and interiors can be designed to discourage some people from entering a building or staying in it for long And there were other ways to discourage use a stern expression on a white librarian s face, an all white staff and clients, the request that a black library user sit at a table where white users wouldn t sit Such methods are seldom documented in libraries standard archival records, yet they were used in places where African Americans lived Introduction, p 8.Library workers, reading the excerpt above, might feel their stomachs drop too many of the historical realities portrayed in Knott s text are part of our library systems today This book is a crucial read for anyone who patronizes or works for public libraries, as well as those who want to understand the powerful legacies of Black resistance to racial oppression.A caveat the author is a white woman, interpreting Black history The upside she seems to understand that tension, and in speaking to the majority white field of library science her perspective may pack a punch In a history of public libraries that relies on sources generated by whites to reconstruct the past, how do the voices and experiences of black activists, librarians, and readers change what we think we know about libraries as institutions and about librarians as champions of intellectual freedom and democractic participation Introduction, p 3 TLDR read this, ESPECIALLY if you spend time in public libraries [[ FREE DOWNLOAD ]] ☠ Not Free, Not for All: Public Libraries in the Age of Jim Crow ✐ Americans tend to imagine their public libraries as time honored advocates of equitable access to information for all Through much of the twentieth century, however, many black Americans were denied access to public libraries or allowed admittance only to separate and smaller buildings and collections While scholars have examined and continue to uncover the history of school segregation, there has been much less research published on the segregation of public libraries in the Jim Crow South In fact, much of the writing on public library history has failed to note these racial exclusions In Not Free, Not for All, Cheryl Knott traces the establishment, growth, and eventual demise of separate public libraries for African Americans in the South, disrupting the popular image of the American public library as historically welcoming readers from all walks of life Using institutional records, contemporaneous newspaper and magazine articles, and other primary sources together with scholarly work in the fields of print culture and civil rights history, Knott reconstructs a complex story involving both animosity and cooperation among whites and blacks who valued what libraries had to offer African American library advocates, staff, and users emerge as the creators of their own separate collections and services with both symbolic and material importance, even as they worked toward dismantling those very institutions during the era of desegregation Only a specific kind of nerd will want to read this book, and I am that specific kind of nerd The kind of nerd who wants to spend a couple days of their life learning about, say, the circulation statistics of public libraries 50 90 years ago and how those broke down by demographics There were definitely some parts that I skimmed, but overall, it s a topic that fascinated me I remember wondering about this topic when I started working in libraries in 2012 and doing a google on it, but this boo Only a specific kind of nerd will want to read this book, and I am that specific kind of nerd The kind of nerd who wants to spend a couple days of their life learning about, say, the circulation statistics of public libraries 50 90 years ago and how those broke down by demographics There were definitely some parts that I skimmed, but overall, it s a topic that fascinated me I remember wondering about this topic when I started working in libraries in 2012 and doing a google on it, but this book wasn t published until 2015 We librarians like to pat ourselves on the back for being an overall progressive profession, but that s often been giving ourselves too much credit White librarianship is a history of hypocrisy and, at significant times, overt racism, as this book shows For example, in Montgomery and Danville VA, the city libraries were given court orders to desegregate their buildings What did the libraries do in response They removed all of the chairs in the building, so black and white people couldn t sit together They called this vertical integration Andrew Carnegie and his foundation had an interesting role in the segregation of Southern library services like, he could have insisted that to accept his money, cities make the buildings open to all residents But instead, when cities refused, he just funded separate libraries for black people But the South in general had trouble keeping up with the public library development in the North and West Of the 41 million Carnegie donated to libraries, only 3 million went to libraries in the Southeast Southern libraries also spent less on maintaining their buildings In 1930s, far west spent 1.08 per capita on libraries.Northeast 0.75.Midwest 0.73.Northwest 0.42.Southwest 0.23.Southeast 0.16 It was really amazing to read about those who campaigned for equitable library services, including black librarians, WEB DuBois, Booker Washington though he was sort of separate can be equal , Rosa Parks, and Howard Zinn Charlemae Hill Rollins and Vivian Harsh are two of my new librarian idols It s the work of librarians to continue building on the work of those activists There was a study done in 1963 by an MLIS student on Public Library Service in Thirteen Southern States , in which Knott says the student declared that her study would make sympathetic but timid librarians aware that many of their counterparts had already begun to dismantle segregation and that they should do so as well Sympathetic but timid is such a familiar library personality to me luckily the Charlemae Hill Rollins and Vivian Harsh types are here to keep things uncomfortable and bold Should be required reading in library school. While the information regarding racism and the use of libraries in this text is vital, the format of the book made it almost unreadable Taking us not just through the Jim Crow South but showing how Northern libraries often made African American patrons read in separate rooms or use only certain branches, the narrative highlights how cultural racism was reflected within this prized institution This racism was found at the highest levels, such as when a judge delayed making a final decision on While the information regarding racism and the use of libraries in this text is vital, the format of the book made it almost unreadable Taking us not just through the Jim Crow South but showing how Northern libraries often made African American patrons read in separate rooms or use only certain branches, the narrative highlights how cultural racism was reflected within this prized institution This racism was found at the highest levels, such as when a judge delayed making a final decision on the case to give city and library officials time to develop a strategy to prevent integration The few services provided were subpar For the most part, African American library buildings were small, with inadequate collections and funding States like Mississippi outlawed the circulation of books that portray social equality between Negroes and whites almost 2 million southern blacks lived in areas with public libraries that refused them service and evenunfairly African Americans were taxed for a municipal service denied them The author, however, combines information regarding African American publishers, authors and patrons with her information on library policies and gives this to us with no coherent time line You would finish a chapter that included information on the first black patrons checking a book out of the main branch of the Atlanta public library in 1959 and in the next chapter find yourself back in the late 1800s Atemporally navigated story would have provided a clearer,cohesive picture of this issue This is a very disturbing book I read it because of a tweet from Tuphlos This is a book, wherever you work in the world, if you work in libraries, you need to read it It is important history for one location, but it highlights ongoing issues for libraries around the world It demonstrates that saying your library is welcoming and inclusive are a long way from your library actually being welcoming and inclusive It also shows the need for effective outreach so that people who aren t using the This is a very disturbing book I read it because of a tweet from Tuphlos This is a book, wherever you work in the world, if you work in libraries, you need to read it It is important history for one location, but it highlights ongoing issues for libraries around the world It demonstrates that saying your library is welcoming and inclusive are a long way from your library actually being welcoming and inclusive It also shows the need for effective outreach so that people who aren t using the library know about what it can do for them While this book shows legal barriers segregation to library use, make sure there are not other barriers in your area This is a disturbing and important book to read There was one sentence which highlighted problems Most libraries who reported some move towards total desegregation also acknowledged that African Americans had not been told of these policy changes Do you ever change something but don t tell the clients about it Also Libraries continued to restrict use to whites onlyalmost 2 million southern blacks lived in areas with public libraries that refused them service This book continually demonstrated the need for a diverse collection and diverse staff no excuses As the twenty first century demands new literacies and critical skills barriers do not disappear They merely shift with the times This history, perhaps as this book in whole or perhaps incorporated into existing curriculum, should be required for all LIS students Our libraries are not the pure, idealized monument to access for all that most people enter LIS programs believing and far too many still believe once they emerge This book forces the reader to confront the real history of publi As the twenty first century demands new literacies and critical skills barriers do not disappear They merely shift with the times This history, perhaps as this book in whole or perhaps incorporated into existing curriculum, should be required for all LIS students Our libraries are not the pure, idealized monument to access for all that most people enter LIS programs believing and far too many still believe once they emerge This book forces the reader to confront the real history of public libraries in the United States I highly recommend this book for librarians and library users to learnabout public library history I feel like we don t consider libraries when we think about the history of segregation, and yet many library workers are well aware of how white our profession is Looking back at how intentional libraries as white spaces were and how hard white people fought to keep them separate and unavailable to Black patrons helps us understand why it s so hard to bring diversity to librarianship now. I read this book b c I noticed it listed for an intro MLIS class at Wayne State Univ re Equitable Access to Information, as a theme for rural public libraries, I can see many cross over issues as being relevant Very informative, but sometimes just sometimes felt like a chore to read. As a librarian really enjoyed this book and its many lessons to think about